Meeting of victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It includes rape, defined as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part or object. If perpetrated during childhood, sexual violence can lead to increased smoking,  drug and alcohol misuse, and risky sexual behaviors in later life.
Hire Writer PubMed, The chief constructs used to assess the data by the investigators include preconceived notions about dating relationships, rejection sensitivity and response to the incidents of violence, which vary from moderate abuses to severe ones.
Penn Libraries, Violence experienced during adolescence often leaves an indelible scar in the minds, and continues to hold troubling consequences in marital relationships.
Studies on dating violence among high school students have unearthed a crucial string of data in terms of gender-specific violence.
It has been reported that adolescent girls are more susceptible to physical aggression perpetrated by boys. While girls face a greater risk of being sexually harassed, boys are more likely to be pinched, scratched and kicked. Another alarming fact that has come out of surveys conducted among high school population concerns the presence of another individual or a group of people at the time of abuse.
Penn Libraries, The prevalence of dating violence among adolescents is often attributed to hyper masculinity. Male immaturity in treating women with respect, thinking that aggression is manly, leads to female victimization in many cases.
Hyper femininity is defined by a set of behavioral patterns seen in many teenage girls.
Family structures and parental involvement often play a key role in adolescent and teenage dating violence. The debate between one-parent and two-parent family structure in matters of child upbringing is a longstanding one. It has been studied that adolescents brought up in single-parent homes show more behavioral aberrations in comparison with those belonging to the conventional two-parent families.
Inconsistent academic performance is reported to have been more prevalent in children coming from one-parent households.
Researches reveal that compared to two-parent families, a significantly bigger percentage of single-parent families live below the poverty line in the United States of America. Single mothers with adolescent children living below poverty line are larger in number as opposed widowed mothers living under similar circumstances.
In addition to economic disadvantages, optimal parenting is another issue with single-parent family structures as children do not get the required amount of love, care and warmth. Hence, they are at risk of developing psychological and behavioral problems that often lead to interpersonal adjustability issues when they grow up.
Many experts have commented upon the importance of developing positive parental attitudes both within domestic and community setup in order to make their children aware of the potential threats of physical, psychological or emotional abuses.
However, boys who witness parental violence at homes are more likely to indulge in dating violence than girls. Rather than developing a violent nature, girls tend to suffer from depression mainly because of their interpersonal caring orientation.
Issues such as parental separation, financial problems in the family and other family conflicts can lead to depression in adolescents, Bell, Foster, and Mash, p.
While witnessing parental violence triggers a psychological inclination to inflict violence on others, it also reduces the chance of falling victim to dating violence for both boys and girls.
Many parents treat their children in a manner that does not help generating self-esteem or the sense of self-worth.
Parenting processes such as intimacy, monitoring and support play a crucial role on estimating dating violence. An increased exposure to community violence often results in falling victim to dating violence. Various investigations have shown that perception of violence and its aftermaths vary according to the nature of parenting process and socioeconomic background of the victims.
Vazsonyi, Infliction of physical punishment by parents is reported to have an impact on later teenage dating violence on the presumption of corporal punishment being both lawful and efficacious to hit those you love. Violence in matured interpersonal relationships is deeply rooted in early experience of dating violence.
Studies have shown that male perpetrators are more likely to receive positive consequences in comparison with those males who never inflicted any form of abuse on their partners.
This may be attributed to complexities of modern relationships that demand some degree of sadistic elements. According to a study made by Foshee, Bauman and Linder, the link between experience of family violence and infliction of dating violence is normally arbitrated by tolerance of dating violence along with a hostile conflict reactionary mannerism.
Apart from family violence early in childhood, another significant cause of dating violence is peer pressure in high schools.
Suffocating pressure induced by peers often holds adolescents back from voicing themselves before their parents.On his bush block in the WA wheatbelt, poet John Kinsella attempts habitat restoration and reflects on the responsibilities of the writer as a witness to species loss. Causes and Effects of Violence in Children Essay Words 7 Pages Recent research has shown that the relation rate between children and violence is increasing.
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