Books about Ockham 1. Life and Works Very little biographical information about Ockham survives.
The present thesis is the next logical step after seeing that God created the world out of nothing. By itself, creation implies only that the world was brought into being by divine omnipotence, without further saying how the once created world is kept in existence.
As the Latin equivalent, we might say, "Deus conservat mundum in suo esse positive, directe et immediate," where the operative word is conservat and the three adverbs describe how the preservation takes place.
It may also be useful to distinguish the scope of our thesis from two other, closely allied issues, namely, divine providence and the divine concursus. Providence is the all-regulating and stable plan by which God, as supreme ruler Thesis statement on the existence of god the universe, directs or ordains all things to their final end.
Terminology Conservation or preservation are the noun equivalents for the verb "keeps," and may be variously subdivided. Taken passively, conservation refers to the thing preserved, and is simply "the continuance of something, dependent on some cause.
Active preservation may, in turn, be either negative or positive. In the first case, we hardly have preservation except in the loose sense of not destroying the object in question.
But positive preservation means a real influence which sustains a thing in existence. Then positive preservation can be merely indirect or direct.
It is indirect when the influence means simply the removal of destructive agencies; it is direct when the influence is exercised continuously and effectively, to preserve something in existence. Finally direct preservation may be either mediate or immediate. If it were done through secondary causes being used as means by God, it would be mediate; but if God keeps creatures in existence by an intrinsic influx of His power, the preservation is immediate.
We therefore defend an active preservation, while implying the passive; and a positive, while admitting a merely negative; and a direct, since the indirect is obvious and rather pertains to providence; and lastly an immediate conservation, although a certain degree of mediate conservative action may be conceded.
In existence should be taken without qualification, as opposed to nothingness, so that if conservation were removed the world would be annihilated. God is understood as keeping all creation in existence, or esse simpliciter, while we prescind from whether He uses creatures to preserve other creatures in this or that kind of existence, or esse tale.
However even this possibility must be ruled out where per se subsistent creatures like the human soul are concerned; these are preserved in being just as they are brought into being by God alone. Four types of Deists are historically recognizable.
For the first, God is only the Creator with no further interest in the world; the second group admit a Divine Providence, but only in the material, not in the moral and spiritual order; the third believe in certain moral attributes of God, but not in a future life; and the fourth accept all the truths of natural religion including belief in a life to come, but reject revelation.
But normally the lines are not that closely drawn among different Deists, since nowadays many who go by that name are rather, Agnostics, Rationalists, or pantheistic Naturalists.
There is a basic inconsistency in the Deistic position which deserves emphasis. Ostensibly, on the first level of Deism, God is admitted to exist as Creator but then denied any providential influence in the world.
But logically they cannot have it both ways. Either they should admit preservation and providence, if they admit creation; or if they will not have providence, they should also deny creation.
Examples of adversative writers who oppose the thesis are numerous, even when a specific point of their doctrine is more directly against a deity that providentially runs the world than against a preservative providence itself.
Man sought to alter the disposition of these gods in how own favor by means of magic and prayer.
The idea of God in the religions taught at present is a sublimation of that old concept of the gods. Its anthropomorphic character is shown, for instance, by the fact that men appeal to the Divine Being in prayers and plead for fulfillment of their wishes Nobody, certainly, will deny that the idea of the existence of an omnipotent, just and omnibeneficent personal God is able to accord man solace, help and guidance; also, by virtue of its simplicity it is accessible to the most undeveloped mind.
But, on the other hand, there are decisive weaknesses attached to this idea itself, which have been painfully felt since the beginning of history. That is, if this being is omnipotent, then every occurrence, including every human action, every human thought, and every human feeling and aspiration is also His work; how is it possible to think of holding men responsible for their deeds and thoughts before such an Almighty Being?
In giving out punishments and rewards He would, to a certain extent, be passing judgment on Himself.The arguments for God's existence are variously classified and entitled by different writers, but all agree in recognizing the distinction between a priori, or deductive, and a .
INTRODUCTION. At first glance it might appear that a discussion of the meaning of a particular chapter or section of Scripture is primarily a matter of examining the text in question, determining the flow of thought and then expounding upon what is found in the text. The cosmological argument is less a particular argument than an argument type.
It uses a general pattern of argumentation (logos) that makes an inference from particular alleged facts about the universe (cosmos) to the existence of a unique being, generally identified with or referred to as attheheels.com these initial facts are that particular beings or events in the universe are causally.
God Keeps the World in Existence Positively, Directly and Immediately by Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J. The present thesis is the next logical step after seeing that God created the world out of nothing.
Written by Dr. Peter Kreeft. Dr.
Peter Kreeft is a professor of philosophy at Boston College and a noted Catholic apologist and philosopher. He is a convert to the Catholic Church from reformed Protestantism.
The thesis statement is often an intimidating part of writing. No fear, we are here to help! What is a thesis statement? As displayed in John’s Gospel, the Holy Spirit exists to glorify God; he assumes many convicting the world of truth, providing comfort to his people, and revealing Christ’s righteousness.