The upper and middle classes had extreme advantages over the lower class, which consisted of a large number of immigrants.
Jane Addams American social worker, essayist and autobiographer. Jane Addams is known primarily as a social reformer, a reputation built during the many years she devoted to serving the poor through Hull House in Chicago.
But that was only one level of her achievements. She created the foundations for the profession of social work, contributed significantly to the discipline of sociology, developed the idea of parks and playgrounds as places vital for reducing urban tension, and established a model of progressive-minded activism which helped form the basis of the welfare state that emerged under the administration of President Franklin D.
Roosevelt in the s. In the process she became one of America's best-known and best-loved women, and her fame spread with the publication of her books—including the autobiographical Twenty Years at Hull-House —and hundreds of articles.
A popularizer rather than an innovator in the realm of ideas, she transformed the pragmatism of William James and John Dewey, along with the mystic agrarian socialism of Leo Tolstoy, into a workable program of social action that transformed the American landscape. Her father, John Addams, who would become her most significant role model, was an entrepreneur and politician who had served in the Illinois legislature with another of Addams's later heroes, Abraham Lincoln.
Addams seldom spoke of her mother, who died when she was three, or of her stepmother, who her father married soon afterward. She was a sickly child, and like many young women of her day, was discouraged from pursuing too high a degree of education.
Giving up a dream to attend Smith College, she went instead to Rockford Seminary, and soon after her graduation, a series of unhappy events threw her young life into turmoil. Her beloved father died, and after six months at a medical college in Philadelphia, she withdrew in for reasons of illness, and never went back.
A year of convalescence followed, and then two tours of Europe, but her travels did not make her happy. Later she would write of being caught in "the snare of preparation" which she said impeded young women from wealthy backgrounds, keeping them locked in a state of continual preparation for life rather than permitting them to commence an actual career.
Partly as a result of experiences in Europe, however, she discovered her life's mission, and with her friend and lifelong companion Ellen Gates Starr founded Hull House in a run-down Chicago mansion on September 18, At Hull House which Addams referred to in her writing as "Hull-House"she established numerous innovative programs to provide not just food and shelter, but a sense of purpose and belonging, both to the people served by the house and to the upper-class women and men who ran it.
During the next two decades, Addams's work on behalf of the poor and immigrants of the nearby slums made her a figure of national and ultimately international prominence, and she published numerous articles and books. She was also instrumental in the founding and development of dozens of organizations, and through Hull House, helped create a model for a vital community center which could transform a troubled urban environment.
In the years leading up to World War I, her outspoken pacifism began to strike a raw nerve in a nation mobilizing for the defeat of Germany, and she became almost as much a figure of scorn as she had been of admiration.
But her reputation ultimately rose to its former level, a resurrection which culminated in her receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in During her career, Addams spent time with a number of notable writers and philosophers, including James, Dewey, Tolstoy, W.
Du Bois, and many others. In politics she campaigned for Theodore Roosevelt in his unsuccessful bid to regain the White House under the Progressive Party banner in ; and later she put her support behind a man with whom she had worked in the area of famine relief following the First World War, President Herbert Hoover.
Addams never married, and had few interests outside her social concerns.Jane Addams was born on September 6, , in Illinois. Her mother died when she was only three years old leaving her with only a father and 8 siblings.
Her father became her backbone of her life and was responsible for her learning of the harsh conditions that many less fortunate people were forced to 4/4(1).
Jane Addams (September 6, – May 21, ), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
She co-founded, with Ellen Gates Starr, an early settlement house in the . Jane Addams and Hull House Essay - Jane Addams and Hull House Born in Cederville, Illinois, on September 6, , Jane Addams founded the world famous social settlement of Hull House.
Jane Addams, known prominently for her work as a social reformer, pacifist and feminist during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was born Laura Jane Addams on Born: Sep 06, Jane Addams American social worker, essayist and autobiographer. Jane Addams is known primarily as a social reformer, a reputation built during the many years she devoted to serving the.
Jane Addams Jane Addams was a pioneer, American settlement worker, a founder of the Hull House in Chicago, a public philosopher (the first American woman to be given that title), an author, a pacifist and a feminist leader.
In September of , Ellen Gates Starr and her founded the Hull House in Chicago.