Social impact of tourism on host communities a case study of ethiopia

Refugee and Host Community Relationships Oftentimes refugee camps are located in the most remote, poor and undesirable parts of a given country. However, the Turkana do not benefit from international aid that would make living in such an inhospitable environment easier. According to international law, in order to receive international aid, a person must live outside the country of origin and without state protection. While the refugees receive international aid, the Turkana who are just as poor do not.

Social impact of tourism on host communities a case study of ethiopia

Provide a thorough analysis of the social, political, economic and technological trends driving this astounding growth. The World Tourism Organization WTO works with existing international standards on tourism statistics which where approved in and While the purpose of the first standard was to develop a first set of basic elements of the System of Tourism Statistics, the second standard relates to the design of the instrument that today is the unifying framework of most of its components i.

The Tourism Satellite Account is a project to adapt conceptual framework form a regional perspective. Tourism Vision includes forecasts of inbound and outbound tourism growth for countries in every region of the world and examines the outlook for several market segments.

The long-term forecast from the World Tourism Organization is based on the assumption that the future development is similar to the last 10 Years.

The underlying structural trends of the forecast are believed not to high and significant changed. Experience shows that in the short term, periods of faster growth — alternate with periods of slow growth — These assumptions are shown in the following chart: Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten Source: As a consequence, methods of mass production are being replaced by more flexible systems.

There are many political changes in the past which have influenced the development of the tourism industry positively. It basically started of with the perestroika in Russia and the reunification of Germany in East Germany was the first communist country who broke down and opened its doors to allow outbound travel due to the reunification.

Within the next years all the Eastern European Countries have moved from a communist government to open democratic governments allowing outbound travel and opening up for international trade in order to improve their economic situation.

By Maythe European Union has expanded from 15 to 20 members. Besides these changes in Russia and Eastern Europe, China has as well opened its doors for trade and travel.

Since beginning of Chinese people have received travel permission to the first European countries without difficult visa conditions. Whereas in only Another country of interest is India. Whereas the increase in travel in India is more for an economical than political reason, therefore it will be discussed in the next chapter.

Significantly more is known about the economic drivers. More and more companies will work on a global level and therefore the economy will grow globally. The economy growth is also influenced by two new players China and India.

Besides, that China has opened its doors for outbound travel it also has opened its doors for international investments within China. China will develop until and become most probably the largest supplier of outbound travel.

Besides China, India has found its market niche in the area of technology, IT and finance. They will become the market leader country in this field.

This market leadership will improve the overall economical situation in India and allow more people to travel abroad. The social drivers are to a large extent demographically influenced.

Probably the most important one is the growth of the population. US scientists expect a population growth by end of to 7. Even so the main growth will take place in the developing countries, it will still have a great influence on the overall tourism growth.

A further driver is the increased aging of the population. Due to better health care systems people will live longer and in a better condition and will therefore have more possibilities and the necessary money and time to travel.

Coherent with the increase in age is also an increase in the average working life which again will have influence on the travel pattern.

In addition more and more people decide to live in single households instead of having a family. These people will travel by far more than traditional families as they have more resources available.

Having a family traditionally is cost intensive and limits travel opportunities. Traveling brings people into contact with each other and has an educational element as well.

The technology improvements and developments will influence the tourism in two areas. The first area is the transportation. The development of the new Airbuses and planes will allow transporting up to people on one long distance flight in the future.

This is almost double of what can be transported today per flight. In addition the overall infrastructure on the continents will further improve.The main objective of the study is to evaluate the socio-cultural impacts of tourism in the city.

Specifically the work; 1. To evaluate the cultural impacts of tourism in Gondar city 1 Journal of Exclusive Management Science – August - Vol 6 Issue 08 – ISSN 2. To assess social impact of tourism in Gondar city 3.


The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established on 24 October after World War II with the aim of.

The social impacts of tourism a case study of Bath, UK. historic cities could establish a basis for theory formation and the development of flexible modeling tools regarding the social impacts of tourism on residents of historic and related cities in the United Kingdom and elsewhere.

A. HaleyTourism’s Impact on Host Lifestyle. As the support of host communities is a precondition for a sustainable industry, regional social impact studies are a crucial input to tourism planning and decision-making. This study assessed the social impacts of tourism in a rural region of Australia where tourism is an important sector of the economy.

Social impact of tourism on host communities a case study of ethiopia

Tourism Management 20 () — Case study Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities Regina Scheyvens* School of Global Studies, Massey University, PO Box , Palmerston North, New Zealand Abstract welfare of local host communities. 2. Community-based ecotourism. Brayley, Var and Sheldon () examined the results of exposure to tourism education on student perceptions towards the influence of tourism on four social issues.

The study identified a generally positive view towards the influence of tourism on both economic SOCIAL IMPACTS OF TOURISM and social conditions.

Social impacts of tourism: Host perceptions - ScienceDirect