He argued that atoms just crashing into other atoms could never produce the beauty and form of the world. In Plato's Timaeus 28b—29a the character of Timeaus insisted that the cosmos was not eternal but was created, although its creator framed it after an eternal, unchanging model. One part of that creation were the four simple bodies of fire, air, water, and earth.
According to the medieval view of the universe, Man was placed in his position by God and should remain content with his station in life. Any attempt or ambition to go beyond his assigned place was considered a great sin of pride. For the medieval person, pride was one of the greatest sins that one could commit.
This concept was based upon the fact that Lucifer's fall was the result of his pride when he tried to revolt against God. Thus, for the medieval person, aspiring pride became one of the cardinal sins.
According to the medieval view, Faustus has a desire for forbidden knowledge. In order to gain more knowledge than he is entitled to, Faustus makes a contract with Lucifer, which brings about his damnation.
Faustus then learns at the end of the play that supernatural powers are reserved for the gods and that the person who attempts to handle or deal in magical powers must face eternal damnation.
When we examine the drama from this standpoint, Faustus deserves his punishment; then the play is not so much a tragedy as it is a morality play.
The ending is an act of justice, when the man who has transgressed against the natural laws of the universe is justifiably punished.
The chorus at the end of the drama re-emphasizes this position when it admonishes the audience to learn from Faustus' damnation and not attempt to go beyond the restrictions placed on humanity. The character of Faustus can also be interpreted from the Renaissance point of view.
At the time of this play, there was a conflict in many people's minds, including Marlowe's, as to whether or not to accept the medieval or the Renaissance view. The Renaissance had been disappointed in the effectiveness of medieval knowledge because many scholastic disputations were merely verbal nonsense.
For example, arguments such as how many angels could stand on the head of a pin dominated many medieval theses. The Renaissance scholars, however, revived an interest in the classical knowledge of Greece and the humanism of the past.
The Renaissance originated in Italy during the midth century and spanned through the 17th century. This “rebirth” was a distinct change from the previous time period, the Middle Ages. The Renaissance was a cultural rediscovery of Greek and Roman ideas, which was demonstrated in . In a huge shift, astronomers began to question the geocentric view of the universe, looking for viable alternatives. Copernicus sky-model (Public Domain) The first challenge to the Platonic model of the universe came from Copernicus () who, through intuition and indirect evidence, proposed that the Sun lay at the center of the universe. Italy - The early Italian Renaissance: Against this political and economic background stands the cultural development of Italy in the 14th and 15th centuries. The term Italian Renaissance has not gone unchallenged; its meaning and boundaries have aroused much controversy. From the s the idea of “rebirth” was a commonplace in critical writing.
They became absorbed in the great potential and possibility of humanity. According to the Renaissance view, Faustus rebels against the limitations of medieval knowledge and the restriction put upon humankind decreeing that he must accept his place in the universe without challenging it.
Because of his universal desire for enlightenment, Faustus makes a contract for knowledge and power. His desire, according to the Renaissance, is to transcend the limitations of humanity and rise to greater achievements and heights.
In the purest sense, Faustus wants to prove that he can become greater than he presently is. Because of his desire to go beyond human limitations, Faustus is willing to chance damnation in order to achieve his goals.
The tragedy results when a person is condemned to damnation for noble attempts to go beyond the petty limitations of humanity. After Faustus signed the contract with the Devil, what was the first thin he asked Mephistophilis to give him?
A book of incantations A way to understand plants and animals A wife.Galileo Galilei This scientist proved Copernicus’ theory that the sun was the center of the solar system and developed the modern experimental method.
Also worked on mathematical theories. Geocentric A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of the revolving planets. Open Document. Below is an essay on "Elizabethan View of the Universe" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples/5(1).
The Medieval worldview was drastically different than that of the Renaissance era. In the Medieval period, feudalism was a way of life: there was no middle class.
Instead, feudal lords controlled. Man’s view of man changed during the Renaissance could be through literature. For example in source two, in the play Hamlet, William Shakespeare wrote “in apprehension how like a god!” (Doc B). The ideal embodied the basic tenets of Renaissance humanism, which considered man the centre of the universe, limitless in his capacities for development, and led to the notion that men should try to embrace all knowledge and develop their own capacities as fully as possible.
The Renaissance originated in Italy during the midth century and spanned through the 17th century.
This “rebirth” was a distinct change from the previous time period, the Middle Ages. The Renaissance was a cultural rediscovery of Greek and Roman ideas, which was demonstrated in .