When the Soviet Union broke up, the West had an historic opportunity to try to export freedom to Russia and make the world a better place. But we were told that the Cold War had ended and that the West had won and that communism was dead.
Hubert Faustmann 1 Challenges of Reunification: The Cases of Germany, Ireland and Cyprus. Goethe Zentrum, Nicosia, 31 March Updated version presented at the University of Cyprus in October Nevertheless, I also believe that there are some elements in the division and reunification of Germany whose analysis might be of interest to a Cypriot audience and are worth the attention of Cypriots reflecting about their own division and possible reunification.
I want to start my lecture by telling you a joke. First of all because it is always good to start a presentation with one but secondly because this joke is highly telling.
It created the biggest laugh during the a TV broadcasted German carnival event in my West-German hometown, Mannheim, and was told only two years after reunification. In Mannheim three beggars make a bet who could make the highest amount of money in one day.
At the end of the day they meet to compare. The first one is putting the money on the table: Great, the other two comment. What did you do? Well, I wrote a sign: The second beggar puts his money on the table: What did you do, the first one enquires? I wrote a sign saying: The other two are stunned.
What did you do to get so much money? Well, the third one replies. I wrote a sign as well. You might not consider this joke as particularly funny, but the West Germans did. And the punch line reveals feelings of resentment that need explanation.
How could people of the same ethnic group who were divided against their will and seemed to have been so happy about the end of the division in could grow apart? The Division of Germany and its Legacy In order to answer that question we have to look at the history of the German division and its legacy.
Germany was divided following its occupation by the four victorious powers after losing the Second World War, in the course of which it had attacked almost all its neighbours and committed atrocities unprecedented in the history of mankind.
The disagreement between the war time allies USA, Soviet Union, Great Britain and France about the future of Germany in connection with the developing Cold War gradually transformed the four temporary allied occupation zones into two states in Unlike Cyprus, almost all challenges Germany faced and is still facing in its reunification process originate from the period of division.
After the division, the two parts of Germany were quickly integrated into the respective Western and Eastern military and political blocs. The ideological hostility between both camps was imported into the two areas of Germany, gradually adopted by parts of the population and openly practised by the political elites.
This is particularly remarkable given that prior to the Germans on both sides of the Iron Curtain did not have any experience of conflict, different ideological preferences or a distinct identity as East or West Germans.
Most of all, they had not had the wish to be separated from 2 each other. The process of alienation in Germany was reinforced by a conscious policy of the East German government to limit or prevent contacts between the ordinary people.
The complete separation of the two peoples imposed by outside powers was finalised with the building of the Berlin wall in Crossing from East to West was almost impossible with the notable exception of pensioners and for members of divided families who occasionally got permission to attend weddings or funerals in the West.The major difference between past Cold War and New Cold War is that while in the past Cold War conflict was on ideological differences, in the New Cold War there is no ideological difference.
Both NATO and Russia have liberal-democratic ideology, though Russia has slightly conservative outlook to safeguard its old values. As the Cold War progressed, and as the presence of Soviet spies operating in the West, including in the United States, became known, many Americans began to see Communism is an immediate threat to their way .
The arms industry had brought a good deal of jobs and overall prosperity to Slovakia, and so Havel's choice appeared to be an attack on the Slovak people directly, despite the fact that with the end of the Cold War, the market for arms had decreased anyway, and Havel became widely unpopular in Slovakia.
Russian Revolution of , Communism, Cold War The Russian army was the largest in Europe, it had defeated Napoleon, but it was poorly trained, undersupplied, inadequately equipped, and attheheels.comt soldiers in the Russian armies lost their will to fight and began to desert.
The cold war relationship that developed intensely between two superpowers,The US a capitalist country, and the communist USSR, which occurred after world war 2. Both of these powerful countries had great control and authority and resources to conquer many land. Jul 12, · by Jon N. Hall 7/12/18 Since the liberation of Europe’s Soviet Bloc in and the demise in of the Soviet Union itself, the West has become so pathetic that one might be forgiven for having a little wistful nostalgia for the Cold War era.