The unsuspecting reader of our partisan media will go on being be made to believe that fascists are one or more of the following villains: In his book Liberal Fascism, Jonah Goldberg does not even rely on this implicit equation of bad guys with Nazis.
Introduction[ edit ] The beginning of the Twentieth Century saw the rise of an entirely new political environment in Western nations. The previous century had seen the Industrial Revolution replace agriculture as the primary economic model in Western nations, a change accompanied by huge social, political and demographic shifts.
Populations which had once been largely rural and engaged in farming or small handicraft work shifted to urban districts filled with factory workers.
The new industrial economies created great wealth, but also much alienation, sharpening divisions between economic classes. Workers' movements agitating for better living and working conditions emerged in many nations, and came under the influence of intellectual leaders, largely drawn from the middle and upper ranks of Western society.
Some of these leaders pursued radical and Utopian visions of what society should become. Socialism[ edit ] Socialist societies had existed before the term Socialism was used and there exist many flavours of Socialism, one of which is Communism.
The main ideas of Socialism are, "focusing on general welfare rather than individualism, on co-operation rather than competition, and on laborers rather than on industrial or political leaders and structures" this movement was mainly as a result of the poor working conditions the industrial Revolution ushered in due to the fact there were no labor laws enforcing minimum wage, child labor, or working environments.
According to Marx, society is meant to go through phases of evolution, beginning with a hunter-gatherer society, followed by Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, and finally Communism. Marx believed that the final stage could only be achieved through revolution.
Although The Communist Manifesto was written inMarx was not far off with his presumption.
After decades as a radical movement on the edges of the political scene, Communism burst onto the world stage inwhen the October Revolution in Russia brought the Bolshevik wing of the Russian socialist movement, led by Vladimir Il'ych Lenin, to power. Czarist Russia's military failures, first in the Russo-Japanese War, and then the great hardships of World War I, discredited the Russian monarchy and opened the door first to a moderate liberal government replacing the Czar.
Lenin's movement quickly displaced it in turn. As one of the radical visionaries mentioned previously, Lenin and his cohorts envisioned a complete reordering of Russian and potentially all European society under strict Marxist lines.
Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. The name comes from fascio, which may mean "bundle", as in a political group, but also fasces, the Roman authority symbol of a . Fascism in Germany and Italy Many similarities exist between German fascism, or Nazism, and Italian fascism. For example, both fascist movements were brought . Nazi Germany’s obvious political and military ally in Europe was Italy. The Italians had been governed by a fascist regime under Benito Mussolini since Italian fascism was very much the elder brother of Nazism, a fact Hitler himself acknowledged.
Communism is concerned with a complete overhaul of the Capitalist system. One of Communism's goals is to create a classless society in which all members are equal both politically and economically.
This is exemplified by the phrase commonly associated with Communism, "From each according to his ability, to each according to his need. For example, if 'x' was a doctor, x would be expected to put in all of his skills and effort into being a doctor and in return he would get comparatively little due to his lack of real need.
Assuming x is an able fit doctor, x does not need as much as 'y'; a disabled child. Y puts into society as much as he can, being very little, but gets out comparatively a lot. Economically, all factors of production are controlled by the commune so that they will ensure the fair distribution of resources, "from each according to his ability, to each according to his need".
Fascism[ edit ] Fascism was founded in Italy by Benito Mussolini, who began his political career in Socialist circles but came to embrace the idea of an authoritarian, nationalist "corporate state" to achieve his ideals.
Unlike Lenin, Mussolini's ideology definitely did not include international revolution, stressing instead the unity and glory of the Italian nation and the dangers posed to the nation and its culture by Communist-inspired workers' revolt.
Fascism, though a radical movement, emphasized discipline and devotion to a birth nation rather than fighting for class interests. This made Fascism far more palatable to traditional elements of society such as business interests and the church, who saw in it a means to organize the working and middle classes to defend their interests against Communism.
Mussolini chose the title Duce leader and modelled his image on the emperors of ancient Rome, developing a "cult of personality" around himself.
Most people associate Fascism with Hitler; however, Hitler's National Socialism differed in important respects. Similarly to Communism, Fascism took control of the economy with the inauguration of many organizations to control output and prices amongst other things.View Notes - Fascism - compare and contrast from PPE PPE at Oxford University.
Compare and contrast two fascist movements. The word,fascism comes from the Latin fascio, meaning a bundle of. Aug 25, · Italy’s dictator ‘rewarded’ Hitler for his admiration by considering himself to be his ‘mentor’, even by the time the latter had surpassed him in power by a landslide.
Similarities There are many similarities between Fascism and National attheheels.coms: 1. As an ideology, Marxism is open to more interpretation than fascism, which arose in Italy in , and died, as a dominant political movement in Europe, along with two of its most famous prophets.
In what ways did Fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany differ ideologically? Compare and contrast the foreign policies of Hitler and Mussolini up to the outbreak of the Second World War. Compare and Contrast the foreign policies of Hitler and Mussolini. Fascism in Germany and Italy Many similarities exist between German fascism, or Nazism, and Italian fascism.
For example, both fascist movements were brought into power after facing very similar problems. Would be best to add examples such as Mussolini’s Italy and Nazi Germany (fascism) as opposed to late 20th century Europe (socialism), and how they apply.
This entry needs a conclusion/summary. The last paragraph doesn’t make sense and is, anyways, non sequitur.