Previously, it was widely accepted that the Bolsheviks should work within the system of liberal democracy established by the February Revolution of This was in keeping with orthodox Marxism which argued that a Communist revolution could only take place in a society where capitalism was fully developed. As that most certainly wasn't the case in Russia, most Communists felt that it was Lenin's "April Theses" represented a radical change in the Bolsheviks' political strategy.
See Article History Alternative Title: The Socialists who dominated the Soviet interpreted the February Revolution as a bourgeois revolution and considered it appropriate for the bourgeoisie to hold power.
They therefore submitted to the rule of the Provisional Government, formed by liberals from the Duma. The Soviet agreed to cooperate with the government and to advise it in the interests of workers and soldiers. Lenin, however, viewed the two bodies as institutions representing social classes locked in the class struggle.
He felt that, as one class gained dominance over the other, its governing body would crush the rival institution; thus the two could not indefinitely coexist.
On the basis of this interpretation he developed his theses, in which he urged the Bolsheviks to withdraw their support from the Provisional Government and to call for immediate withdrawal from World War I and for the distribution of land among the peasantry. The Bolshevik Party was to organize workers, soldiers, and peasants and to strengthen the Soviets so that they could eventually seize power from the Provisional Government.
The theses also called for the nationalization of banks and for Soviet control of the production and distribution of manufactured goods.
Lenin first presented his theses to a gathering of Social Democrats and later April 17 [April 4, old style], to a Bolshevik committee, both of which immediately rejected them. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Lenin's "April Theses" represented a radical change in the Bolsheviks' political strategy.
Previously, it was widely accepted that the Bolsheviks should work within the system of liberal democracy.
The April Theses.
In the days following his arrival, Lenin gave several speeches calling for the overthrow of the provisional government. On April 7, the Bolshevik newspaper Pravdapublished the ideas contained in Lenin’s speeches, which collectively came to be known as the April Theses.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April – 21 January ), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political attheheels.com served as head of government of Soviet Russia from to and of the Soviet Union from to Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state governed by the.
The April Theses (Russian: Effects. After the February Revolution, Bolshevik leaders returning from exile (such as Lev Kamenev) were arguing a much more moderate line, that Russian involvement in the war could be justified and that there should be cooperation with the liberals in .
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April – 21 January ), better known by the alias Lenin, was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as head of government of Soviet Russia from to and of the Soviet Union from to He arrived in Petrograd on 3 April with a ten-point programme - his April Theses - for a second revolution based on giving power to the Soviets.
Lenin had turned the Party programme on its head. Instead of accepting the need for a 'bourgeois stage' of the revolution .