This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Introduction Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor.
Research papers Tagged With: American parents use a myriad of parenting styles, all of which have their roots in various cultural beliefs about which method is best to raise a child.
Parents who fell into the authoritarian style of parenting set high standards and strict rules for their children. Disobedience was not tolerated and was met with harsh consequences, often physical.
On the other side of the spectrum was a Baumrind parenting styles essay style of parenting that was characterized by no boundaries or discipline, but did include a lot of parental involvement and affection. Authoritative parenting was the third style Baumrind identified.
She believed this style produced the most happy, well-adjusted, and successful children and adolescents Baumrind, Mediating Variable Between Parenting Style Authoritative, Authoritarian and Permissive Parenting Style; while An authoritative parent set high clear standards for their children.
The neglectful parent provided for the basic needs of their children, but nothing else. This style involved no demands, boundaries, emotional support, guidance or affection.
The mother and father that utilized this method basically detached from their children. This paper will further research the variability of effective parenting styles across cultures and explore some of the reasons for these variations.
Based on the results of initial research and subsequent studies, Baumrind was a firm advocate of the authoritative parenting style claiming that it was the most successful of the parenting types in producing a positive child outcome Baumrind, Authoritarian parenting tended to raise children who performed well academically and had a low involvement in problem behavior.
Children raised by neglectful parents had the most negative results, with poor academic performance, low self-esteem, and high involvement in problem behavior Baumrind, This is primarily due to her ethnocentric research design Chao, Since people from different culture and race exist, parents must inform and orient their children about individual beliefs and Reflecting and evaluating the parenting style, values and practices will enable the children to keep the best values, Influential variables such as culture, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, family size, religion, and the individual temperaments of both parent and child were not controlled or accounted for.
If they were, very different results would have been found because each culture has different goals, values, and expectations of their citizens.
Thus, the children will be socialized under different conditions. Authoritarian and permissive parenting styles practiced in select cultures outside of the European-American context exemplify this.
In particular, Confucius stressed that a person should respect and obey authority without question, and to seize every opportunity to learn and perfect oneself Chao, Rooted in this philosophy, Asians have chosen to use a very strict, controlling, and restrictive approach to parenting.
Chua shares that she never allowed her daughters to have a play date, be in a school play, attend overnights, date boys, attend school dances, watch TV or movies, or make any grade less than an A in school. Furthermore, she required her girls to be number one in every class, drilled them daily in Math and Chinese, and made them practice violin and piano three hours a day.
Chua recognizes that she was intentionally very strict like most traditional Chinese families, but she was very involved and loving as well.
Chua admits to threatening, yelling, and even calling her children degrading names at times in order to motivate them. This is a perfectly legal way Clearly, there are not With the Internet becoming more and more popular, A Case Study We live in a time where information She believes that most Westerners cringe at this type of parenting approach because they are interpreting her methods based on Western culture instead of Chinese culture.
What Asian parents and children recognize as a training environment, Westerners interpret as a controlling one.
Ruth Chaofrom the University of California, points out a critical difference between Western and Asian authoritarian parenting. These standards are imposed not to dominate the child, but rather to assure familial and societal goals of harmonious relations with others and the integrity of the family unit.
Because they feel loved and supported by their parents, Asian children have higher self-esteem when raised with the authoritarian style than do European-American adolescents Chao, The permissive or indulgent parenting style is often considered too lax by the European-American culture.
Culture Impact and Examples Different cultures vary in the way they raise children andBaumrind described this parenting style as the attempt of the parents in controlling the behavior and attitudes of the children based on an absolute standard in which the children are given no autonomy at all (as cited in Shaw, ).
Select two (2) of Diana Baumrind’s parenting styles, as discussed in the text. Compare and contrast two (2) similarities and two (2) differences of the styles you .
From the Paper: "Diana Baumrind, a clinical and developmental psychologist, developed four theories of parenting namely the authoritarian, permissive, authoritative, and neglectful parenting styles.
Baumrind’s theory about parenting identifies four distinctive parenting styles and is complimented by a well-supported and organized progression of ideas. All these tend to cover different parenting techniques worldwide and have contrast with Baumrind’s theory.
Every style of parenting has its own outcome and residual effect. There are always special cases that may defy what is expected, but typically it is the parent’s parenting style and attitude towards life in general that will reign supreme of everything else affecting their child’s identity quest.
Baumrind’s taxonomy of parenting styles could be for a field that often uses nuanced terms for authority without either clearly defining them or backing claims with .