Cite Harvard Reuben, M. Theories of Motivation and Their Application in Organizations: International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development, 3 3pp. International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development, 3 3
You need to be able to motivate and inspire your employees to work toward your vision. At times, it may seem like you need a degree in psychology to understand what to do.
Learn the basics of applying the various motivational theories developed to help you get the results you want from your employees. Hertzberg's Two-Factor Theory This theory considers two factors: Motivation factors include receiving recognition for good efforts, enjoying work and having a career path.
Hygiene factors include salary, benefits and relationships with co-workers and managers. The two factors are applied in the workplace through comprehensive salary and benefits programs, developing team-building workshops and creating ways to recognize good performance. Be competitive when recruiting so you motivate people to stay and remain loyal.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Maslow's theory talks about meeting the basic needs of employees, which include psychological well being, safety, belonging and esteem. To apply this at work, managers can implement diversity training and programs that celebrate differences in people.
Safety issues are governed by law, but when managers take an extra effort to look at things like desk ergonomics it adds to employee morale. Managers should limit use of authoritarian methods that invoke fear in employees.
Employees need to be respected by managers and co-workers during daily tasks. Additionally, workers should be able to develop an action plan for personal success. Hawthorne Effect The Hawthorne theory is a productivity theory based on the physical conditions employees work in.
This includes lighting, shift hours and breaks.
It also includes observation as a key motivator for performance. Hawthorne found that people were more productive based on the idea of being observed rather than changes in their physical working conditions. As a manager, you can observe employees either physically or through consistent reporting.
If people know someone is watching, whether constantly or randomly, they increase productivity. Expectancy Theory Expectancy theory simply states that people will perform based on what they expect the result will be.
The three elements are expectancy, instrumentality and valence. The theory states that the employee will work toward a believed achievement if that achievement garners a reward and the reward is valued. Managers can set the tone for achievement and rewards with employee recognition contests based on what employees value.
An example is earning a company parking spot for being the employee of the month. Attribution Theory Attribution theory refers to how people respond to success or failure.
By looking at the reasons for the end result, employees are able to identify why something succeeded or failed.While modern research shows some shortcomings with this theory (for example, a lack of empirical evidence for some conclusions), Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory remains an important and simple motivation tool for managers to understand and apply.
Leadership & Change Partner Organizations; Five Leadership Theories and How to Apply Them. we outline five current leadership theories, and offer resources and suggestions for integrating the theories into your own leadership practice. We will explore: Transformational Leadership applying the concepts of LMX theory is easy: align.
The leadership theories selected for this paper are Fred Fiedler’s Contingency Model (, ) James McGregor Burns () and Bernard Bass’s (, ) Transformational Leadership Theory, and Bruce Avolio’s Authentic Leadership Theory ().
The Best Leadership Theories For Employee Motivation Leadership theories, styles and types can have a powerful effect on motivating employees. On the other hand, deciding which one will be the most effective will make your head spin.
How Different Organizations Apply Motivation Theories To Motivate Employees. Applying Motivational Theories to Compensation Abstract An organization’s success is built and defined on its strategy and goal for the company.
Leadership Words | 9 Pages. Dec 19, · Generally, the theories based on motivation flow from two broad approaches: “content theories” and “process theories”. While there is more emphasis, in content theories, on the motivating forces, in contrast, process theories signify the real process of motivation.