The agency inteded to complete the proposed rule making process by March
The drafting of year-olds was desired by the military but vetoed by public opinion. Racial minorities were drafted at the same rate as Whites, and were paid the same, but blacks were kept in all-black units. The experience of World War I regarding men needed by industry was particularly unsatisfactory—too many skilled mechanics and engineers became privates there is a possibly apocryphal story of a banker assigned as a baker due to a clerical error, noted by historian Lee Kennett in his book "G.
Later in the war, in light of the tremendous amount of manpower that would be necessary for the invasion of France inmany earlier deferment categories became draft eligible. Pacifism[ edit ] The churches showed much less pacifism than in The Church of Godbased in Anderson, Indianahad a strong pacifist element, reaching a high point in the late s.
These churches helped their young men to both become conscientious objectors and to provide valuable service to the nation. Goshen College set up a training program for unpaid Civilian Public Service jobs.
Although the young women pacifists were not liable to the draft, they volunteered for unpaid Civilian Public Service jobs to demonstrate their patriotism; many worked in mental hospitals. Some enemy aliens were held without trial during the entire war.
Millions of wives followed their husbands to military camps; for many families, especially from farms, the moves were permanent. One survey of migrants in Portland, Oregon and San Diego found that three quarters wanted to stay after the war.
Large numbers of African Americans left the cotton fields and headed for the cities.
Housing was increasingly difficult to find in industrial centers, as there was no new non-military construction. Commuting by car was limited by gasoline rationing. People car pooled or took public transportation, which was severely overcrowded. Trains were heavily booked, with uniformed military personnel taking priority, so people limited vacation and long-distance travel.
Racial tensions[ edit ] The large-scale movement of blacks from the rural South to defense centers in the North and some in the South led to small-scale local confrontations over jobs and housing shortages.
Washington feared a major race war. The cities were relatively peaceful; much-feared large-scale race riots did not happen, but there was small-scale violence, as in the race riot in Detroit and the anti-Mexican Zoot Suit Riots in Los Angeles in As historian Roger Bruns notes, "the Zoot suit also represented a stark visual expression of culture for Mexican Americans, about making a statement—a mark of defiance against the place in society in which they found themselves.
Office of War Information photo by Alfred T. Woman aircraft worker checking assemblies. Woman standing next to a wide range of tire sizes required by military aircraft.
Standlee argues that during the war the traditional gender division of labor changed somewhat, as the "home" or domestic female sphere expanded to include the "home front".
Meanwhile, the public sphere—the male domain—was redefined as the international stage of military action. Throughout the war, according to Susan Hartmannan estimated 6. Women, many of whom were married, took a variety of paid jobs in a multitude of vocational jobs, many of which were previously exclusive to men.Dotdash's brands help over million users each month find answers, solve problems, and get inspired.
Dotdash is among the fastest-growing publishers online. The home front of the United States in World War II supported the war effort in many ways, including a wide range of volunteer efforts and submitting to government-managed rationing and price attheheels.com was a general feeling of agreement that the sacrifices were for the national good "for the duration [of the war]." The labor market changed radically.
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